What are the top 5 sandals for summer?

resources BOSIC

By Podiatrists Russel Rubin & Trevor Proskewitz

Now that summer’s just around the corner, most of us are putting away our winter boots and bringing out the flip-flops. However, our podiatrists at footinjuryclinic urge you not to wear thongs constantly as they do not give your feet the support they need – read more here. Instead they’ve rounded up 5 footwear brands that are stylish, supportive and get their tick of approval.

1. Ecco

ecco women corksphere

Ecco Women’s Corksphere Slip-ons


Ecco Men's Flowt

Ecco Men’s Flowt Slides


You might not want to get these ones wet, but if you are looking for a super comfortable and stylish summer slip-on take a look at Ecco’s range. The more you wear them, the more these slip-on sandals adapt to the shape of your foot with its cork footbed. They are lightweight with a suede insole to keep you comfortable all day. Plus, as a footinjuryclinic patient, you can get 15% off all Ecco shoes! Just call the practice to find out how you can redeem this special discount.


2. Birkenstock

Birkenstock Gizeh EVA

Birkenstock Gizeh EVA

While traditional Birkenstocks may not be the best for the beach, these EVA thongs are waterproof and perfect for sandy locales. Birkenstock now make EVA versions of all their classics. Keep in mind that they will not mould to your feet like regular Birkenstocks, but we still love these thongs as a more supportive alternative to flat rubber thongs.


3. Bared

Bared Footwear Tit Mint Croc

Bared Footwear Tit Croc (Mint)

Looking forward to summer brunches or evening cocktails? Take a look at Bared. They have super stylish sandals that feature a biomechanical footbed. Just take a look at that side profile and you’ll see how supported your arches will be. But it doesn’t just stop there; these sandals also have a built- in heel cup and metatarsal dome. So, if you normally wear orthotics and want to wear sandals without sacrificing your foot health, these are definitely for you! We love fashionable footwear that doesn’t sacrifice foot health, so we are happy to offer footinjuryclinic patients 10% off all Bared shoes! Just call the practice to find out how you can redeem this special discount.


4. Frankie4 Footwear

Frankie4 Brenda

Frankie4 Brenda (White)

If you are looking for stylish summer sandals that will still support your feet, chances are Frankie 4 has something for you! This company was founded by two podiatrists so they know what they are doing. These simple slide-ons feature arch support, heel cradling and cushioning for your forefoot, all with a lightweight EVA base. The perfect shoe to slide into as you leave the house.


5. Archies

Archies Arch Support Thongs (Navy)

Archies Arch Support Thongs (Navy)

You may look at these Archies thongs and think they look exactly like the thongs we have been warned not to buy and while we wouldn’t recommend long, strenuous walking in these, they are just about the most supportive pair of thongs you’ll find! Perfect for beach days or a walk down to the corner store, these thongs include arch support, and an elevated heel to avoid hard landing and pressure that is often the issue with regular thongs.

Do the arches of your feet hurt? Do your feet over-pronate? Do you work in a job that requires you to be on your feet all day? Contact us to book an appointment at footinjuryclinic and let our podiatrists do a biomechanical assessment of your feet.

Emotional Intelligence is the new IQ

corporate services BOSIC

By Practice Manager & Client Experience Manager, Kira West



If you have any interest in psychology, leadership, or communication, then chances are that you have heard of emotional intelligence (EI)  before. Emotional intelligence falls into the realm of Myers Briggs (ENFJ over here!) and Enneagram personality tests – but where the latter tests measure the core aspects of your personality, emotional intelligence is a measure of personal and social skills that is not static. Meaning, you can learn emotional intelligence skills, which is of utmost importance now that there is an overwhelming number of studies suggesting that EQ is more important than IQ.


Think of it this way – say that you have an IQ of the “average” doctor – average is in quotations because, of course, doctors tend to have IQs well above the average. Now, say you have finished medical school and you find yourself in your fancy new office. But you find that you have a low number of patients, while Dr Charisma across the hall can’t seem to find a break between the overwhelming number of patients! What does Dr Charisma have that you don’t? You noticed that someone left your office crying last week, but you didn’t think much of it because all you did was give them the basic facts about their cancer, and that they probably wouldn’t last a year. 


“Studies show that EQ is more important than IQ”


Dr Charisma on the other hand, has very high empathy. That’s their secret. They don’t rattle off facts with a general disregard for their patients’ feelings. They display charismatic leadership skills (i.e. good communication), coupled with an inherent way of understanding their patients needs without having to be told outright. And this is the crux of emotional intelligence – your IQ is the measure of your technical skills, but once you are surrounded by peers with the same IQ, what is left to help you stand out? To help you be a better leader? Or a better parent and friend? Thankfully for you, emotional intelligence can be learned. 


Emotional Intelligence in Practice

So, how does emotional intelligence play into an orthopaedic and sports injury clinic? At Barangaroo Clinic, we pay close attention to the needs of our clients. There are four tenets of emotional intelligence:


Self-awareness – knowing and understanding your emotions, your weaknesses, and your strengths

Self-management – emotional self-control, initiative, dedication to reaching goals

Social awareness – empathy, organizational management, active listening skills

Relationship management – recognizing strengths in others and effectively developing them, leadership skills, teamwork and collaboration 


Emotional Intelligence and Success

We use all four of the EI pillars at Barangaroo Clinic. In order to be the best practitioners and teammates that we can be, we must have high levels of empathy and compassion. We see individuals who have severely injured themselves, who have recently had surgery, or who have had ongoing chronic pain for years. We never want to be Dr Indifference, we always aim to be Dr Charisma. 


At Barangaroo Clinic, success means giving a patient the hope and determination that they will recover. We know that navigating the healthcare system can be difficult, which is why we are here to streamline the process for you. We define success for our clients as a holistic management plan, one that clearly communicates the recovery timeline and main goal. We define success as a series of small and achievable goals that work into the bigger picture of our clients’ lives. We know we have been successful when our clients feel our attention to detail and genuine care for their health. That makes all of the difference. I don’t know anyone’s IQ that I work with, and quite frankly, I don’t care. Everyone on my team shows up with a desire to help people and a commitment to make our clinic the best place that it can be. 


“Everyone on my team shows up with a desire to help people and a commitment to make our clinic the best place that it can be.”


BOSIC Core Values

I’d like to take you through the BOSIC Core Values and show you how intimately related they are to emotional intelligence. They are:


Go Above & Beyond – We create an unforgettable, 5 star experience while consistently ensuring that all patients’ comeback is greater than their setback.

Emotional Intelligence Pillars: Self-Awareness and Social Awareness


Culture of Joy – We celebrate our wins! We build a fun environment and treat all people with dignity and respect. 

Emotional Intelligence Pillars: Self-Awareness and Relationship Management


Teamwork Makes the Dreamwork – We strive for excellence, never stop learning, and step up as leaders in our community.

Emotional Intelligence Pillars: Self-Awareness, Self-Management and Relationship Management


Dare to THINK BIG – We are constantly innovating, learning from past challenges, and are adventurous and creative in our thinking. 

Emotional Intelligence Pillars: Self-Awareness and Self-Management



It could be argued that every pillar of emotional intelligence is weaved through all four of our Core Values, but I chose the ones that I think play the biggest role in each one. The important thing to note is how Self-Awareness is the basis of emotional intelligence. It is present in each one of our core values, because being self-aware is the first step in being grateful, courteous, and empathetic towards others. Being self-aware means that you have a good sense of your strengths and weaknesses and you aren’t afraid to play big because you know that your team has complementary skills to catch you if you fall. 


“The important thing to note is how self-awareness is the basis of emotional intelligence.”


That’s us at Barangaroo Clinic – we have each others’ backs and we have our clients’ backs. We will take care of you because we know how to take care of ourselves and others. Emotional intelligence gives us the opportunity to constantly learn and grow, which we are also challenged to do in our clinical practice. Everything connects, right? I challenge you to take a look at all four of the emotional intelligence pillars and how they play into the values and practices of your workplace. 


To find out your EQ scores in each pillar, follow this link: https://globalleadershipfoundation.com/geit/eitest.html


Thanks for reading! Feel free to reach out if you are interested in learning more. My email is kira@bosic.com.au and I am prepared to answer all questions surrounding leadership and EQ, plus I can get you booked in with one of our practitioners if you need an initial assessment. 


Sending sunshine, 


Pathways – Emotional Intelligence Course by Wendy Jocum (you can book a course with Pathways here)

Are thongs bad for your feet?

podiatry BOSIC

It’s no secret by now that traditional flimsy thongs are associated with gait alterations that can contribute to more serious issues, but for many patients, thongs are a hard habit to break. A new generation of “comfort” thongs offers an alternative, but clinicians remain wary.

Anyone who spends time in airports in the summer expects to be subjected to a sea of faces. But at floor level, there’s another sight to behold—a flood of thongs.

The “official” shoe of summer is most often the classic, minimal flat rubber sole with the Y-shaped, or thong, strap. Sometimes it’s jazzed up with sequins, done in vivid colours, or tooled from leather. But these embellishments, of course, don’t address lower extremity practitioners’ criticisms of thongs—that they offer little to no support for the foot, and can lead to excessive stress in lower extremity tendons and muscles, which must work overtime to hold on to the shoe.

Perhaps in response to all the bad buzz, a “new generation” of thongs has emerged that seems to offer many of the same features as comfort footwear—contoured footbeds, slightly higher heels, and thicker outsoles. The rubber has been replaced by performance materials, such as EVA (ethylene vinyl acetate). The straps are sometimes adjustable. The footbed may feature antimicrobial properties. Are these updated thongs really any better than the traditional ones in terms of foot health and biomechanics?

The fuss about thongs

There’s no shortage of data on the effects of thongs on biomechanics and gait. An early study from 2008 tested peak plantar pressure in 10 healthy-weight women with size 7 feet while they walked in standard thongs, athletic shoes, and bare feet. Thongs were associated with higher peak plantar pressures than athletic shoes but lower pressures than bare feet. The higher peak plantar pressures associated with thongs increase the risk of pathologic abnormalities.

A 2013 study found that, compared with sneakers, thongs were associated with a shorter stride, larger ankle angle at the beginning of double support and during swing, smaller braking impulse, and shorter stance time. Other studies have also reported kinetic effects of thongs.

“because the thong and the foot are not firmly connected, the toes have to be more engaged to keep the foot and thong together. This increases the forces across the ankle and foot and causes compensatory joint positions during gait and standing.” Biomechanics experts are just beginning to understand the long-term effects of these.

Using thongs on and off on a daily basis doesn’t necessarily cause problems. But when flip-flop wear time increases dramatically, that can be problematic.

The injury list

Of the chronic issues related to thongs that specialists see clinically, plantar fasciitis topped the experts’ list. This may be because the lack of structure in conventional thongs allows for excess stress through the soft tissues of the foot.

Next on the list is Achilles tendinopathy. Again, this may be an overuse issue related to the repetitive stress of gripping and the shoe’s lack of structure. Then there is metatarsalgia, which can occur because of lack of shock absorption provided by the thongs’ very thin outsole.

“If there’s no contoured arch contact between the shoe and the foot, especially in the pes cavus foot, you’ll see a lot more of those impact forces, especially when walking on pavement. The thin outsole provides very little shock absorption,”

Just as long-term use of thongs can cause these lower extremity disorders, people who already have these conditions should stay away from this footwear, the experts agreed. Even after treatment, incorrect footwear may increase the risk of recurrence.

“You can’t say conclusively, ‘If you wear thongs, the conditions will come back.’ But you are certainly putting yourself at a higher risk if you are wearing flat shoes with no arch support. But if the person is being treated for the condition, and is not in a substantial amount of pain, then the occasional use of thongs may be acceptable.

Lastly, patients at risk for trips and falls should be cautious about wearing thongs, and they are definitely not the preferred footwear for people who require walkers or other assistive devices. This includes patients with lower extremity disorders that impact ambulation and people with neurological disorders who have trouble with balance.

“They need stability and shoes that aid proprioception,” he said. “If the foot is covered and the shoe has a snug closure that is holding it to the foot, it activates sensors [in the foot] so the body knows where it is in space. If a patient requires an assistance device, such as a walking stick or a walker, that’s an indication that the balance has gotten to a point where a thong would no longer be appropriate.”

A bad rap?

Despite the potential problems associated with thongs, experts say the reality is that most people without major lower extremity disorders who wear thongs on a regular basis will do just fine.

Not all research has been weighted against thongs. A 2016 study of 15 healthy adults found no differences in temporal-spatial parameters for walking with thongs versus barefoot, suggesting successful adaptation by the flip-flop wearers.

However, that’s not to say the shoes didn’t render some changes, including an increase in peak knee flexion during swing and peak ankle dorsiflexion at terminal swing. It was also noted that maximum peak separation between foot and thong was 8.8 cm, and occurred at preswing. Finally, minimum toe clearance of the hallux measured 4.2 cm during barefoot walking versus 1.6 cm in thongs.

The findings suggest that, despite some spatiotemporal adaptation, the separation of the thong from the foot led to increased knee flexion and ankle dorsiflexion during swing, most likely to maximize adherence to the foot. Also, the thong’s lower minimum clearance (versus barefoot) could increase the risk of tripping over uneven ground.

Thongs 2.0

That brings the discussion to the next generation of thong designs. The websites of various thong manufacturers feature claims related to arch support, midsole shock absorption, and stress reduction on the feet, ankles, and knees. Others describe their thongs as having ergonomic arch contouring and foam impact pillows to cushion the balls of the feet. There are thongs that supposedly react to body temperature and conform to the foot. Finally, there are companies that will design thongs with custom footbeds based on digital scans.

Studies found that areas of high plantar pressure associated with a standard flat thong were lowered when an enhanced thong was used, particularly peak pressure under the heel and pressure-time integral at the first metatarsophalangeal joint. Contact area under the midfoot was nearly 20% greater in the enhanced thong than the flat version, and time spent gripping with the hallux was significantly reduced. It has also been found the enhanced thongs were associated with a lower rate of loading at heel strike and less frontal plane motion at the ankle during stance, compared with flat thongs. Biomechanically speaking, “comfort” thongs are preferable to the flat rubber thongs that can be found piled in a bin at the local discount store.

Enhanced thongs are better than those with flat rubber soles, thanks to the slightly elevated heels and contoured arches. Comfort thongs do offer improvements over flat ones, but some of the limitations of thongs still have not been addressed.

When someone chooses a thong, it is because they want to feel unencumbered, they want to feel ‘free.’ Unfortunately, this lack of support—foot-to-shoe contact—that most people desire is at the heart of the injuries that can result.

However, even with an enhanced thong, the foot still works to hold on, which increases demand on the tibialis anterior and extensors in the foot. Mitigating the amount of work the foot has to do to stay in the shoe comes down to proper fit, and ensuring the top strap fits as securely against the foot as possible.

“When you look at the supportive thongs, it’s a lot like buying off-shelf insoles. If you are going to invest in these shoes, it’s worth going to a store with a knowledgeable person or anyone with some biomechanical knowledge that can help fit you into the right thong”

Accommodating deformities

Patients with bunions often have a tough time finding shoes that don’t irritate the condition, so they may be happier in thongs. Patients with severe hammertoes, or clawed toes, may be in the same position in terms of needing footwear that will not blister the tops of the toes, so the enhanced thongs may be a viable option.

Compromises and common sense

The bottom-line: Thongs may not be the best footwear, but they may not be all that bad either.

It would be a plus if lower extremity practitioners would guide people to more supportive thongs, experts say. He encouraged practitioners who also have retail businesses to carry a variety of supportive thongs—different arch heights, amounts of shock absorption, and strap configurations—so patients can be properly fitted.

Despite the considerable price differential between standard thongs and their enhanced counterparts, you’ll get more longevity out of a more supportive pair of thongs. So it would be an investment and possibly be cheaper over time.

It is recommended to use plain old common sense when it comes to thongs. “As with all things in life, listen to your body. It will tell you when you are doing something right or wrong. Thongs may be a possible culprit for difficulties that people experience, whether it’s foot-related or back pain,” he noted. “There are no definitive yes/no categories here. If you notice that every time you wear thongs, your back aches, then there’s a good chance that they are not the correct footwear for you.”


Book in with one of our podiatrists HERE.

What are training zones?

contact us BOSIC

By Physiotherapist, Paulina Backiel


So now that we have talked about Heart Rate and Max Heart Rate, let’s take a look at the different zones that should be incorporated into our training.

There are five zones based on your maximum heart rate:

Zone 1: 50 to 60% of maximum heart rate

Zone 2: 60 to 70%of maximum heart rate

Zone 3: 70 to 80% of maximum heart rate

Zone 4: 80 to 90% of maximum heart rate

Zone 5: 90 to 100% of maximum heart rate

This information was gathered from Healthline.com. To read their article about heart rate click here.

So, how do you use a training zone?

For a lot of people, numbers mean nothing, and when you are running you are not looking at your watch or phone the whole time to check your real time heart rate. I know I’m not! I would probably trip over something (long leg problems, on top of being a klutz). So to simplify things, we must transform these percentages into how your body is feeling. Is this run easy, hard, very hard?


Zone 1 – Easy 


Zone 2 – Steady


Zone 3 – Moderate/Hard


Zone 4 – Hard


Zone 5 – Very Hard


Generally, a beginner runner will train in Zones 1-3, while more advanced runners will train through all 5 Zones. If you want to learn more about your personalized HR zones and get running better and smarter, click HERE to get yourself started with a personalized running program. I will guide you through a personalized running program, and right now you can save over $300 if you book now! 


Benson R, Connolly D. Heart rate training. Human Kinetics; 2019 Nov 26.